Grenada

CENTRAL AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN : DOMINICA

Introduction

Background

Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when Christopher COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since then.

Geography

Location

Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates

12 07 N, 61 40 W

Map references

Central America and the Caribbean

Area

total: 344 sq km

land: 344 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Area – comparative

twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries

0 km

Coastline

121 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate

tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds

Terrain

volcanic in origin with central mountains

Elevation

mean elevation: NA

elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m

Natural resources

timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors

Land use

agricultural land: 32.3%

arable land 8.8%; permanent crops 20.6%; permanent pasture 2.9%

forest: 50%

other: 17.7% (2011 est.)

Irrigated land

20 sq km (2012)

Population – distribution

approximately one-third of the population is found in the capital of St. George’s; the island’s population is concentrated along the coast

Natural hazards

lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November

Environment – current issues

NA

Environment – international agreements

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography – note

the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada

People and society

Population

111,219 (July 2016 est.)

Nationality

noun: Grenadian(s)

adjective: Grenadian

Ethnic groups

African descent 89.4%, mixed 8.2%, East Indian 1.6%, other 0.9% (includes indigenous) (2001 est.)

Languages

English (official), French patois

Religions

Roman Catholic 44.6%, Protestant 43.5% (includes Anglican 11.5%, Pentecostal 11.3%, Seventh Day Adventist 10.5%, Baptist 2.9%, Church of God 2.6%, Methodist 1.8%, Evangelical 1.6%, other 1.3%), Jehovah’s Witness 1.1%, Rastafarian 1.1%, other 6.2%, none 3.6%

Age structure

0-14 years: 24.15% (male 13,935/female 12,928)

15-24 years: 15.55% (male 8,609/female 8,684)

25-54 years: 40.36% (male 23,001/female 21,891)

55-64 years: 10.1% (male 5,753/female 5,476)

65 years and over: 9.84% (male 5,041/female 5,901) (2016 est.)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 50.7%

youth dependency ratio: 39.9%

elderly dependency ratio: 10.8%

potential support ratio: 9.3% (2015 est.)

Median age

total: 30.9 years

male: 30.9 years

female: 31 years (2016 est.)

Population growth rate

0.46% (2016 est.)

Birth rate

15.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)

Death rate

8.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)

Net migration rate

-3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)

Population distribution

approximately one-third of the population is found in the capital of St. George’s; the island’s population is concentrated along the coast

Urbanization

urban population: 35.6% of total population (2015)

rate of urbanization: 0.33% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas – population

SAINT GEORGE’S (capital) 38,000 (2014)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.1 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.08 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female

total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal mortality rate

27 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 9.9 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 9.4 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 10.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 74.3 years

male: 71.7 years

female: 77.1 years (2016 est.)

Total fertility rate

2.04 children born/woman (2016 est.)

Health expenditures

6.1% of GDP (2014)

country comparison to the world: 97

Physicians density:

0.66 physicians/1,000 population (2006)

Hospital bed density:

3.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking water source:

improved:

urban: 99% of population

rural: 95.3% of population

total: 96.6% of population

unimproved:

urban: 1% of population

rural: 4.7% of population

total: 3.4% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access:

improved:

urban: 97.5% of population

rural: 98.3% of population

total: 98% of population

unimproved:

urban: 2.5% of population

rural: 1.7% of population

total: 2% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:

NA

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:

NA

HIV/AIDS – deaths:

NA

Major infectious diseases:

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity – adult prevalence rate:

24.6% (2014)

country comparison to the world: 78

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 16 years

male: 15 years

female: 16 years (2009)

Government
Economy
Energy

Electricity – production

200 million kWh (2014 est.)

Electricity – consumption

200 million kWh (2014 est.)

Electricity – exports

0 kWh (2013 est.)

Electricity – imports

0 kWh (2013 est.)

Electricity – installed generating capacity

50,000 kW (2014 est.)

Electricity – from fossil fuels

98.6% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)

Electricity – from nuclear fuels

0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)

Electricity – from hydroelectric plants

0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)

Electricity – from other renewable sources

1.4% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)

Crude oil – production

0 bbl/day (2015 est.)

Crude oil – exports

0 bbl/day (2013 est.)

Crude oil – imports

0 bbl/day (2013 est.)

Crude oil – proved reserves

0 bbl (1 January 2016 es)

Refined petroleum products – production

0 bbl/day (2013 est.)

Refined petroleum products – consumption

2,300 bbl/day (2014 est.)

Refined petroleum products – exports

0 bbl/day (2013 est.)

Refined petroleum products – imports

2,259 bbl/day (2013 est.)

Natural gas – production

0 cu m (2013 est.)

Natural gas – consumption

0 cu m (2013 est.)

Natural gas – exports

0 cu m (2013 est.)

Natural gas – imports

0 cu m (2013 est.)

Natural gas – proved reserves

0 cu m (1 January 2014 es)

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy

500,000 Mt (2013 est.)

Communications

Telephones – fixed lines

total subscriptions: 27,034

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 24 (July 2015 est.)

Telephones – mobile cellular

total: 120,000

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 108 (July 2015 est.)

Telephone system

general assessment: adequate, automatic, island-wide telephone system

domestic: interisland VHF and UHF radiotelephone links

international: country code – 1-473; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; SHF radiotelephone links to Trinidad and Tobago a (2015)

Broadcast media

the Grenada Broadcasting Network, jointly owned by the government and the Caribbean Communications Network of Trinidad and Tobago, operates a TV station and 2 radio stations; multi-channel cable TV subscription service is available; a dozen private radio (2007)

Internet country code

.gd

Internet users

total: 60,000

percent of population: 53.8% (July 2015 est.)

Transportation

National air transport system

number of registered air carriers: 0

inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 0

annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 0

annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 0 mt-km (2015)

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

J3 (2016)

Airports

3 (2013)

Airports – with paved runways

total: 3

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2013)

Roadways

total: 1,127 km

paved: 687 km

unpaved: 440 km (2001)

Ports and terminals

major seaport(s): Saint George’s

Military and security

Military branches

no regular military forces; Royal Grenada Police Force (includes Coast Guard) (2010)

Transnational issues

Disputes – international

none

Illicit drugs

small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for marijuana and cocaine to US

Source : CIA World Factbook data last updated  Jan. 12, 2017